Author Ethics


Authors should be individuals who have participated in the research study and made substantial contributions to it. Other individuals who have contributed to the study but not satisfy the criteria of authorship should be acknowledged in the paper. Please be aware that at least one authors of a paper need to attend the conference as registered author.


Authors should make sure that the paper submitted must not be published before or under publication process elsewhere. Duplicate and/or redundant publication will result in an instant rejection. Authors have a responsibility to disclose originality information of the paper, including contributions of all individuals who made substantial contributions to the study such as involving in the design of study, data collection or analysis. The use of materials from other resources (including their own published literature) should be clearly cited and quoted, and get the permission of copyright holder where appropriate.

Competing Interest

Authors must present their research findings accurately and objectively, disclose any potential competing interest prior to the submission. Funding resources (sponsors) should be declared in this section as well.

Human Subjects and Animals in Research

Authors must ensure ethical standards and procedures for research involving human subjects or animals. Authors need to state the research has complied with all relevant policies and laws in their manuscripts.